Monsters of the Modern Era: Obesity and Heart Disease
• Are you a victim of these monsters?
• Do you want to know the possible hazards of obesity?
• Are you worried, you might be facing these dangers already?
• Do you want to get rid of obesity and enjoy a healthy lifestyle?
Well here are your answers.
Obesity and the risk of the heart diseases are very strongly linked. You can say, with each pound you gain. You are becoming more vulnerable to one or the other kind of heart disease. Statistics show that with each passing year, no of deaths due to heart diseases has been increasing and this increase is accompanied by a dramatic increase in the proportion of obese individuals. So, controlling your weight puts you back on the safe road to better health.
What is obesity?
Obesity is just defined as “too much body fat.”
So if you are worried about being obese, you are not alone. You are among the ever-growing mass of people who are suffering from the same issue and its hazards. But it doesn’t mean, you can sit back and relax and let the obesity take its toll. It is time to buckle up and fight this monster of our Era. Obesity kills but the good news is it is preventable.
How to know if you are obese?
There is a simple formula that allows you to calculate your BMI (body mass index), and according to your results, you can determine whether you are obese or healthy.
Then match your results with the following chart and find out in which category you fall.
Leading causes of obesity in the modern era are junk foods, sedentary lifestyle, and excess calorie intake in comparison with the calorie expenditure.
What are the major heart diseases an obese person is at risk of developing?
1. Coronary artery disease ( CAD ) also called ischemic heart disease (IHD)
2. High cholesterol levels
3. High blood pressure
4. Arrhythmias and risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD)
5. All of these can ultimately lead to heart failure.
Coronary artery disease (CAD):
Blocked or clogged blood vessels to heart result in diminished supply of oxygen and nutrients to heart resulting in
• Angina ( temporary blockage)
• MI ( myocardial infarction; severe blockade leads to the death of the heart muscles). This is also known as Heart Attack in layman terminology.
These attacks of the sudden blockage of blood supply to the heart can be fatal. Prompt management decreases the risk of permanent damage and death. It must be emphasized that IHD is the leading cause of death worldwide. This alarming fact must be paid heed to.
What are the signs of a heart attack and when do you need to rush to the hospital?
• The pain of heart is in the center of the chest. It can spread to jaw, neck and left arm.
• Pain is very intense.
• It is aggravated by walking and relieved by rest.
Obesity is associated with a rise in bad cholesterol (LDL ) and a fall in good cholesterol ( HDL).
And high cholesterol is further associated with risks of stroke, IHD, hypertension, etc.
Cholesterol is bad for your body. Always keep it in safe limits.
High blood Pressure
High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when your blood pressure is more than 140 by 90 on three separate occasions makes you the patient of high blood pressure. Hypertension further increases the risk of heart attacks, stroke, etc.
How to fight obesity and its consequences?
Follow the ABC rules to prevent and manage obesity as shown in the picture.
You can join some medical groups which aim to control obesity and help you stick to your goal.
Pro-tip: Prevention is better than cure so act now!